Tanning or sun tanning is the procedure where the skin color is tanned or darkened. This is a result of unrestricted exposure to the harmful ultraviolet or UV rays of the sun and other artificial sources like the tanning lamps that are found in different tanning beds. Some people engage in skin tanning deliberately to make the most of the sun bathing which is a passive recreational activity. There are others who make use of chemical products for producing tan effects without exposing their skin to the ultraviolet radiation of sunlight. This process is called sunless tanning. Exposing the skin moderately to the sin might help in the production of vitamin D and melanin, but unrestricted exposure can have different side effects or certain negative effects on the health of individuals. We will have a look at the dangers of excessive skin tanning below:
- Excessive exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun can result in sunburn and even skin cancer.
- It can also cause premature aging of the skin resulting in the skin becoming leathery, wrinkled and thickened. Individuals might also have ugly dark spots on their skin. The more the skin is exposed to the sun, the earlier it ages.
- Actinic keratosis which is a scaly and thick skin patch that forms in areas that remain excessively exposed to the sun. This patch is quite likely to turn cancerous.
Limiting one’s exposure to the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun and making use of defense tools like sunscreens and sunglasses can always help people in avoiding the chances of being excessively tanned.